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记要windows下编译chromium,备忘

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记录windows下编译chromium,备忘

编译windows下chromium,时间:20170619,

官方地址:https://chromium.googlesource.com/chromium/src/+/master/docs/windows_build_instructions.md

 

一. 系统要求:

1. 64位机器,至少8GB的内存,推荐16GB以上。(我用的Win10 64位虚拟机,内存按照8G来的);

2. 至少100GB的硬盘存储空间,格式为NTFS。FAT32不支持大于4GB的文件,而在git下载时的文件可能会有20GB+;

3. Visual studio 2015 update 3;

4. Win7+ (我用的Win10编译,此处可能有个坑,下文介绍);

二. 系统配置:

1. 安装Visual studio 2015 update3,并安装window sdk 14393,vs需要安装Visual C++的三个选项包括MFC,Universal Windows Apps Development Tools > Tools (1.4.1) and Windows 10 SDK (10.0.14393);

2. 14393的SDK安装时要安装Debugging Tools For Windows,我一开始安装的时候,不知为何没有安装这个,修复了下后,才有的;

三. 安装depot_tools:

1. 下载depot_tools bundle,然后解压,地址:https://storage.googleapis.com/chrome-infra/depot_tools.zip;

2. 将depot_tools放到PATH环境变量的开始位置,至少在你安装的python和git的前面,因为depot_tools里面会下载python,如果在你安装的python后面的话,可能会出一些不可预期的问题;

3. 添加环境变量DEPOT_TOOLS_WIN_TOOLCHAIN,并设为0;

4. 打开cmd.exe,运行gclient,在第一次运行的时候,gclient会安装python/msysgit等必要组件;

四. 获取源码:

1. 打开cmd,在你想放置源码的位置,创建chromium文件夹并进入,mkdir chromium && cd chromium

2. fetch chromium

ps:这里有个问题,我用的Win10带的默认的windows defender是开启的,此时在下载完源码后会出现:

  1. Traceback (most recent call last):
  2. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient_scm.py", line 965, in _Clone
  3. os.path.join(self.checkout_path, '.git'))
  4. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient_utils.py", line 158, in safe_rename
  5. os.rename(old, new)
  6. WindowsError: [Error 5]
  7. [0:22:25] _____ removing non-empty tmp dir D:\google\_gclient_src_byzfvs
  8. ----------------------------------------
  9. Traceback (most recent call last):
  10. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient.py", line 2378, in <module>
  11. sys.exit(main(sys.argv[1:]))
  12. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient.py", line 2364, in main
  13. return dispatcher.execute(OptionParser(), argv)
  14. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\subcommand.py", line 252, in execute
  15. return command(parser, args[1:])
  16. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient.py", line 2117, in CMDsync
  17. ret = client.RunOnDeps('update', args)
  18. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient.py", line 1568, in RunOnDeps
  19. work_queue.flush(revision_overrides, command, args, options=self._options)
  20. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient_utils.py", line 1112, in run
  21. self.item.run(*self.args, **self.kwargs)
  22. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient.py", line 867, in run
  23. file_list)
  24. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient_scm.py", line 166, in RunCommand
  25. return getattr(self, command)(options, args, file_list)
  26. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient_scm.py", line 450, in update
  27. self._Clone(revision, url, options)
  28. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient_scm.py", line 965, in _Clone
  29. os.path.join(self.checkout_path, '.git'))
  30. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\gclient_utils.py", line 158, in safe_rename
  31. os.rename(old, new)
  32. WindowsError: [Error 5]
  33. Traceback (most recent call last):
  34. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\\fetch.py", line 353, in <module>
  35. sys.exit(main())
  36. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\\fetch.py", line 348, in main
  37. return run(options, spec, root)
  38. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\\fetch.py", line 342, in run
  39. return checkout.init()
  40. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\\fetch.py", line 142, in init
  41. self.run_gclient(*sync_cmd)
  42. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\\fetch.py", line 76, in run_gclient
  43. return self.run(cmd_prefix + cmd, **kwargs)
  44. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\\fetch.py", line 66, in run
  45. return subprocess.check_output(cmd, **kwargs)
  46. File "D:\git\google\depot_tools\python276_bin\lib\subprocess.py", line 573, in check_output
  47. raise CalledProcessError(retcode, cmd, output=output)
  48. subprocess.CalledProcessError: Command '('D:\\git\\google\\depot_tools\\python276_bin\\python.exe', 'D:\\git\\google\\depot_tools\\gclient.py', 'sync', '--no-history')' returned non-zero exit status 1

这样的问题,主要是杀软拦截导致删除文件目录失败,禁用掉WinDefender就好了,其他杀软或许有类似的情况,请注意,参考https://bugs.chromium.org/p/chromium/issues/detail?id=464132)

3. 源码下载成功后,cd src,进入src目录;

五. 编译(最期待的时候到了):

1. 首先使用默认的编译方式吧,使用gn gen out/Default,会在src目录下创建out/Default目录,并配置些编译需要的文件;

2. 使用ninja -C out\Default chrome命令行编译chrome,此时需要等待漫长的时间;

ps:在使用ninja编译的时候,我这里出现了

ninja: Entering directory `out/Default'
ninja: error: '../../native_client/toolchain/mac_x86/pnacl_newlib/bin/x86_64-nacl-objcopy', needed by 'irt_x64/obj/ppapi/native_client/nacl_irt_debuglink.inputdeps.stamp', missing and no known rule to make it

这种类似的错误,在src目录下使用cmd执行gclient sync,顺利解决,参考https://groups.google.com/a/chromium.org/forum/#!topic/chromium-dev/tQGuR7Ur0i8;

3. 编译好了,运行Default下的chrome.exe吧。

 


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